The mindful practice of Japanese flute (shakuhachi)

Between the 17th and end of 19th centuries, Zen monks of the Fuke sect used the Shakuhachi as a tool for meditation. Shakuhachi playing as meditation is referred as suizen, often as a counterpart to zazen (sitting meditation of Zen) and mantra chanting in traditional Zen Buddhism. A decree enacted in 1614 by the Tokugawa government served as the legal basis for the establishment of the Fuke sect, which only admitted men of the samurai class and rōnin (samurais without a master). The monks of the Fuke sect were known as Komusō: monks of nothingness.